Origin of well.

The best answer: The typography began in the Shang Dynasty. Traditionally, the tic-tac-toe in Oracle Bone Inscriptions simulates the well railing surrounded by wood or stone, in which 空 is the wellhead. After the Western Zhou Dynasty, there was an extra dot in the TIC-tac-toe, which means that there is water in the well, or it may mean a bucket for drawing water. In the middle and late Western Zhou Dynasty, there was a tendency to divide and write words between the unadorned glyphs and the adorned glyphs, but they failed in the end. At the beginning of Han Dynasty official script, the right part changed from vertical to apostrophe. Regular script is simple, and the form without dots in the middle is the norm.

Well was first seen in Shang Dynasty. Traditionally, the word “well” in Oracle Bone Inscriptions simulates the well railing surrounded by wood or stone, in which 空 is the wellhead. After the Western Zhou Dynasty, there is a dot in the word “well”, which means that there is water in the well, or it may mean a bucket or jar for drawing water. Some people think that “Jing” is the product of “Jing Tian system” in slave society of Shang and Zhou Dynasties. For the convenience of management, the slave owners divided the land one mile square into nine districts, which were shaped like “well”. Each district covers about 100 mu of land, and eight houses each occupy one district, which is responsible for farming and harvesting. Among them, that piece is a public land, and the labor service is shared by eight families. In the middle of the public field, wells are dug for eight irrigated farmland for people and animals to drink. Others believe that according to a well in Hemudu Site of Zhejiang Province in Neolithic Age, the periphery is nearly round and there is a square shaft inside. The ancestors used the water in the pit, and when the water in the pit was exhausted, they dug a vertical shaft down in the pit. In order to prevent the shaft wall from collapsing, the ancestors first drove four rows of wooden piles into the pit to form a square wooden wall, and then dug out the soil in the rows of piles. A square wooden frame is set on the top of the pile, and its appearance is exactly the image depicted by ancient hieroglyphs. Wooden “well”-shaped box structure was also found at the bottom of two wells found in Taixi Village site in Gaocheng, Hebei Province. It can be seen that the word “well” simulates this reinforced water well frame support, which is called “well stem” in later literature. The word “well” is like the bottom of a well when viewed from a very high position. In the middle and late Western Zhou Dynasty, there was a tendency to divide and write words between the unadorned glyphs and the adorned glyphs, but they failed in the end. There is only one difference between the two bodies, but they went to the Eastern Han Dynasty in parallel. At the beginning of Han Dynasty official script, the right part changed from vertical to apostrophe. Regular script is simple, and the form without dots in the middle is the norm.

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