Origin of Sanqin.

Best answer: Xiang Yu is the overlord of West Chu, liang wang, Chu Di Jiu County and Du Pengcheng. He reneged on the promise of “the king who enters the customs first”, and even made Liu Bang a Hanwang, sealing 41 counties in Ba, Shu and Hanzhong, all of which were Nanzheng, and then divided into three parts in Guanzhong, and made three generals of Qin: Zhang Han as Yong Wang, Dong Jin as Zhai Wang and Sima Xin as Sai Wang. This is the origin of the “Sanqin”. Now, southern Shaanxi, northern Shaanxi and Guanzhong in Shaanxi, China are called “Three Qins”. After the title of “Sanqin” came into being, some people used it as the name of political power in history.

Xiang Yu is the overlord of West Chu, and Pengcheng is the capital of nine counties in liang wang and Chu. He reneged on the promise of “the king who enters the customs first”, and even made Liu Bang a Hanwang, sealing 41 counties in Ba, Shu and Hanzhong, all of which were Nanzheng, and then divided into three parts in Guanzhong, and made three generals of Qin: Zhang Han as Yong Wang, Dong Jin as Zhai Wang and Sima Xin as Sai Wang. This is the origin of the “Sanqin”. Now, southern Shaanxi, northern Shaanxi and Guanzhong in Shaanxi, China are called “Three Qins”. After the title of “Sanqin” came into being, some people used it as the name of political power in history.

After Xiang Yu led his troops to the east, Du Pengcheng (now Xuzhou), acting as the supreme ruler of China, and became a vassal. Among them, Liu Bang was named Hanwang, and the capital was Nanzheng, which governed southern Shaanxi, Pakistan and Shu. In order to prevent Liu Bang’s expansion and contain Liu Bang, he divided Guanzhong and Northern Shaanxi into three parts: the Qin Dynasty reduced Zhang Han to Yong Wang, and both abandoned the mound (now the site of Dongmafang Village), governing the west of Xianyang and the eastern part of Gansu; Sima Xin was named King of Sai, and Duliyang (now near Yanliang, Xi ‘an) ruled east of Xianyang. Dong Jin was named Zhaiwang, and Dugaonu (there are three sayings in the history of the city site: Fuxian, Ansai and Yan ‘an) governed northern Shaanxi. The land of Guanzhong was divided into three drops of the Qin Dynasty. Therefore, later generations generally called Shaanxi “Three Qin”, and Xianyang became the demarcation point of the Three Qin. In Historical Records-Xiang Yu’s Biography, there is a saying, “When it is time, the Three Qin Dynasties will be decided”. In fact, the Sanqin in that year refers to the Guanzhong area to the west of Tongguan, excluding southern Shaanxi. However, due to the change of people’s understanding of the concept of “Sanqin”, northern Shaanxi, Guanzhong and southern Shaanxi were collectively called “Sanqin”.

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