Origin of Harbin.

Harbin has a long history, as early as 22,000 years ago, in the late Paleolithic Age, there have been human activities here. About 5000 years ago, Harbin entered the Neolithic Age. About 3,000 years ago, in the late Yin and Shang Dynasties, Harbin entered the Bronze Age, which belongs to the earliest ancient civilized country in Heilongjiang and the distribution area of Bai Jinbao culture. In the Jin Dynasty, the Jin Dynasty went to Beijing (Acheng District, Harbin) to establish its capital. For the two big fellow army ten thousand households live.

Harbin has a long history, as early as 22,000 years ago, in the late Paleolithic Age, there have been human activities here. About 5000 years ago, Harbin entered the Neolithic Age. About 3,000 years ago, in the late Yin and Shang Dynasties, Harbin entered the Bronze Age, which belongs to the earliest ancient civilized country in Heilongjiang and the distribution area of Bai Jinbao culture. In the year of Jin Dynasty (1115), the Jin Dynasty went to Beijing (Acheng District, Harbin) to establish its capital. For the two big fellow army ten thousand households live. In the 13th year of Dading (1173), Shangjing was re-established as the accompanying capital. In the Yuan and Ming Dynasties, Harbin became the territory of Genghis Khan’s three younger brothers, the family and the jurisdiction of Nuergandusi. During the late Ming and early Qing Dynasties, Jurchen used the building materials left in this city to build Alechuka Fortress in situ. After the establishment of the Qing Dynasty, in the 21st year of Qianlong (1756), the deputy commander-in-chief of Arachika was set up in Acheng, and Harbin was under its jurisdiction and belonged to Jilin General. Harbin belongs to Binjiang County of Jilin Province in the late Qing Dynasty and early Republic of China. In the middle and late Qing Dynasty, with the implementation of the policies of “Beijing Banner moved to cultivate land” and “Banned land and abandoned land”, a large number of Manchu and Han people moved to Harbin. At the end of the 19th century, there were dozens of villages in Harbin, with about 30,000 residents. Economic factors such as transportation, trade and population began to expand, which laid the foundation for the formation and development of the city. From the 22nd year of Guangxu (1896) to the 29th year of Guangxu (1903), with the railway construction in the Middle East, industry, commerce and population began to gather in Harbin. When the Middle East Railway was completed, Harbin had already formed the embryonic form of a modern city. At the beginning of the 20th century, Harbin has become an international commercial port. More than 160,000 expatriates from 33 countries have gathered here and 19 countries have set up consulates here. At the same time, China’s national capital also developed greatly, establishing Harbin’s status as the economic center and international city of Northern Manchuria at that time. Harbin is a city where Chinese Marxism spread earlier and the movement of workers and students was more active. In the 12th year of the Republic of China (1923), Harbin established the first party organization in Northeast China. In the 16th year of the Republic of China (1927), the first Party Congress in Northeast China was held in Harbin, and the Manchuria Provisional Provincial Committee was established. Harbin became the command center for the Party to lead the Northeast people in the revolutionary struggle and the later anti-Japanese struggle. In the 21st year of the Republic of China (1932), Harbin was reduced to Japanese puppet rule. Harbin people have carried out arduous struggles, and Zhao Shangzhi, Yang Jingyu, Li Zhaolin, Zhao Yiman and other famous national heroes and revolutionary martyrs have emerged one after another. In the thirty-fourth year of the Republic of China (1945), Harbin was liberated from Japanese puppet rule with a population of over 700,000. In the thirty-fifth year of the Republic of China (1946), on April 28th, Harbin officially established the people’s political power and became the earliest big city in China. During the First Five-Year Plan period, Harbin was one of the national key construction cities. Of the 156 key construction projects aided by the former Soviet Union, 13 were located in Harbin, which became an important national industrial base and quickly changed from a consumer city to a new industrial city. From 1958 to 1965, Harbin experienced a tortuous development process of “Great Leap Forward” and economic adjustment. During the “Cultural Revolution”, the national economy of Harbin suffered serious setbacks and the social order was seriously damaged. In 1996, the State Council approved the merger of Songhua River and Harbin to form a new Harbin city. Harbin has jurisdiction over seven districts and twelve counties (cities), with an administrative area of 53,000 square kilometers. On February 4th, 2004, the State Council approved the adjustment of some administrative divisions in Harbin. After adjustment, Harbin has jurisdiction over 8 districts including Daoli, Daowai, Nangang, Xiangfang, Dongli, Pingfang, Songbei and Hulan, 7 counties including Binxian, Bayan, Yilan, Yanshou, Mulan, Tonghe and Fangzheng, and 4 county-level cities including Wuchang, Shuangcheng, Acheng and Shangzhi.

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